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Serrapeptase (New)
ENEREX SERRAPEPTASE

Silk Worm Enzymes For Carotid Artery Blockage

Dr. H A Nieper - Germany

Serrapeptase is an enzyme produced by serratia bacteria living on silkworms. With this enzyme the worms melt a hole out of the cocoon. Unlike other enzymes in the field of biology, Serrapeptase dissolves ‘dead’ tissue like or e.g. not both silk and apparently also fibrinoid layers in the arteries which chemically could be compared to silk.

A special problem in today’s civilized society is occluding processes in the carotid arteries of the neck. Very often we see patients where surgeons were reluctant to operate or to apply drill or laser technology such occluded carotids. The reason for this is the potential risk that off coming debris will be pushed into the smaller cerebral vessels.

We have, therefore started to apply Serrapeptase in cases of severe narrowings of the carotid arteries. Mostly in patients showing severe symptoms due to the narrowing, including amaurosis fugax (intermittent blindness). The therapeutic results are excellent, certainly lifesaving. It is, however, mandatory that the therapy be conducted for a very long time. Even after month 18, after the onset of the therapy, the patients are improving.

I have also found Serrapeptase to be an extraordinary substance for safety removing fibrous blockages from coronary arteries, particularly the carotid arteries found in the neck, which supply blood brain. Serrapeptase is a natural enzyme produced by serratia bacteria living in silkworms. Once the silkworm has completed its transformation into a moth, it uses this substance to “melt” a hole in its cocoon, so that it can escape.

The astonishing fact is that, unlike other biological enzymes, Serrapeptase affects only non-living tissue, like the silk cocoon. This is the reason the butterfly is not harmed. For our health purposes, Serrapeptase dissolves only dead tissues such as the old fibrous layers that clog the lining of our arteries and dangerously restrict the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain. Because of this, Serrapeptase is extremely useful in keeping arterial deposits from building up again after angioplasty (a balloon technique used to clear an artery blockage) or coronary bypass surgery has been performed.

Very often, surgeons are reluctant or unable to open partially closed carotid arteries using laser surgery. They fear that resulting debris could be pushed into smaller connecting arteries and result in a stroke and possibly death. In cases of severe arterial narrowing, I have used Serrapeptase with excellent, even life-saving results. Many of my patients have shown significant improved blood flow through their previously constricted arteries, as confirmed by ultrasound examination. Unfortunately, orthodox cardiologists do not employ this important method in their practices.

Dr H. A. Nieper
Head, Dept of Medicine
Paracelcus Klink am Silbersee Oertzeweg 24
38051 Langenhagen, Germany
0511-7782-54
Fax: 0511 7782 54

Natural News!

Imagine if you knew of someone over 60 who was healed within 3 weeks from advanced emphysema and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder) with an inexpensive natural medicine. And what if you found out this natural enzyme was good for a variety of different health problems, even those nagging “minor” ailments of aging? This inexpensive miracle medication is called Serrapeptase. The story of the man in his 60's who recovered in 3 weeks was related during a radio interview about Serrapeptase, by Dennis Gore, a Manchester, England pharmacist who specializes in natural medicines.

A Dramatic Anecdote

According to Dennis, in 2002, this ill man was brought into the pharmacy in a wheelchair by his wife. He had to breath bottled oxygen, was on antibiotics, and had to use steroid sprays to reduce inflammation constantly. Because of all this, he was often getting other bad infections and ill side effects. The man had heard Dennis on BBC radio discussing studies done in parts of Europe on Serrapeptase's ability to remove airway and blood vessel obstructions that had accumulated over time.

So this severely ill individual asked the pharmacist for some Serrapeptase, which Dennis had on hand. The instructions Dennis gave him were to take two 20,000 IU tablets, about 5 grams, on an empty stomach four times a day, and then phase down to less as he got better.

Three weeks later, a 6 foot middle aged man walked into the pharmacy and asked Dennis Gore if he remembered him. Dennis couldn't. So the man told him he was the one that had COPD, emphysema, and was wheelchair bound just three weeks earlier. He was no longer on antibiotics, sprays, nor was he using oxygen cylinders. Two years later he was still fine and one of the pharmacist's steady customers. And he hadn't even quit smoking!

What Is Serrapeptase?

Serrapeptase is an enzyme that was originally found in silkworms. The silkworm produces this enzyme to digest the tough Mulberry leaves that live on, and more importantly that also use, it to rapidly bore through it's tough cocoon and fly away before any predator can catch it. Scientists isolated this enzyme and began creating cultures by adding a protein. From there they began successful clinical experiments and trials. And it went from that phase to broad usage. It is considered a standard medicine in Germany.

Enzymes are catalysts that enable or speed up biochemical reactions. Just like we were told in high school chemistry, the catalyst, in this case an enzyme, does not get consumed by the chemical reaction. It starts it. There are around 4000 biochemical reactions that require enzymes as catalysts. So the human body needs enzymes not only to digest foods, as many know, but also needs enzymes for cellular activity.

The particular enzyme activity of Serrapeptase is unique. Dennis Gore had studied the reports of a German doctor, Dr. Hans Napier, who had positive results with clearing blocked arteries and preventing the need for by-pass operations. In other words, it is effective and safe as an arterial chelation agent. Dr. Napier treated a woman with Serrapeptase who was scheduled to have her hand amputated. She recovered without the amputation.

Unlike many medications used to remove arterial wall plaque or inflamed lipids (fats) in the blood stream, Serrapeptase does not block the biosynthesis of cholesterol. Cholesterol in its pure form is an antioxidant necessary for all organs in the body to function properly. If it's biosynthesis is hampered, long term health issues will occur.

In addition, it is a very powerful natural anti-inflammatory agent. So any area of inflammation in the body is mollified without resorting to steroid or non steroid drug use, which almost always has side effects, and with a high price tag!

Serrapeptase Historical and Current Usage

Serrapeptase has a 25 year history of use in parts of Europe and Asia. Serrapeptase digests all non living tissue, cysts, blood clots, inflammation, and arterial blockages. It has been found to be more effective than the common medical use of EDTA Chelation for removing arterial plaque. Again, with no side effects.

It has been used successfully for the treatment of cardiovascular problems, arthritis, fibrocystic breast disease, lung problems, sinusitis problems, carpal tunnel syndrome, and even sports injuries. It is recommended as an anti-aging agent simply because much of aging has to do with the accumulation of scar tissue, inflammation, and dis-regulation.

Inflammation is part of a necessary process to protect healthy cells from harmful invaders of all types. Dis-regulation occurs when the inflammation process loses discrimination and no longer differentiates between harmful and benign substances. Then there is unnecessary inflammation leading to long term autoimmune problems.

There are many reports of aches and pains vanishing from people's lives after using Serrapeptase. This natural enzyme does not suppress the immune system in any way. There are no known side effects, not even indigestion. There are many sources available in capsule and tablet form. It's recommended that heavy dosages be taken early until a positive change occurs, then taper off to a lighter dosage.

So why is Serrapeptase not a household term even after 25 years of use in parts of Europe and Asia? It's effective, it's safe, it's inexpensive, and does not require a prescription. Since there are no side effects and it does not hamper the immune system, there would be no more drugs to sell with more doctor visits. Do you really think big pharma would be pushing something like that?

30,000U | 60,000U | 90,000U | 120,000U Serrapeptase Rx

Indication
Each enteric coated Serrapeptase Rx NPcaps™ or Caplets contains 13/26/39/52 mg of serratia peptidase enzyme preparation providing 30,000/60,000/90,000/120,000 U of activity. Serrapeptase digests non-living tissue, blood clots, cysts, arterial plaque and inflammation in all forms. The late German physician, Dr. Hans Nieper, used Serrapeptase to treat arterial blockage in his coronary patients. Serrapeptase protects against stroke and is reportedly more effective and quicker than EDTA chelation treatments in removing arterial plaque. He also reports that Serrapeptase dissolves blood clots and causes varicose veins to shrink or diminish.

DOSAGE

Treatment of Inflammation/Pain:

  • 30,000 U: 1 caplet, three times per day on an empty stomach or as directed by a health professional.
  • 60,000 U: 1 caplet, twice per day on an empty stomach or as directed by a health professional.
  • 90,000 U: 1 caplet, once per day on an empty stomach or as directed by a health professional.
  • 120,000 U: 1 caplet, once per day on an empty stomach or as directed by a health professional.

Treatment for arterial blockage:

  • 30,000 U: 1 caplet three times per day on an empty stomach. Up to 12 caplets per day in divided dosages in acute need. Take the highest dose for 7 days until the symptoms decrease substantially and then reduce to 1-2 per day.
  • 60,000 U: 1 caplet twice per day on an empty stomach. Up to 6 caplets per day in divided dosages in acute need. Take the highest dose for 7 days until the symptoms decrease substantially and then reduce to 1 per day.
  • 90,000 U: 1 caplet once per day on an empty stomach. Up to 4 caplets per day in divided dosages in acute need. Take the highest dose for 7 days until the symptoms decrease substantially and then reduce to 1 per day.
  • 120,000 U: 1 caplet once per day on an empty stomach. Up to 3 caplets per day in divided dosages in acute need. Take the highest dose for 7 days until the symptoms decrease substantially and then reduce to 1 per day.

DESCRIPTION

Serrapeptase: A Natural Anti-Inflammatory

Serrapeptase, also known as Serratia Peptidase, is a proteolytic enzyme isolated from the non-pathogenic enterobacteria Serratia E15. When consumed in unprotected tablets or capsules, the enzyme is destroyed by acid in the stomach. However, our special enteric-coated Caplets enable the enzyme to pass through the stomach unchanged, and be absorbed in the intestine. Serrapeptase is found in negligible amounts in the urine, suggesting that it is transported directly from the intestine into the bloodstream.

Clinical studies show that Serrapeptase induces fibrinolytic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edemic (prevents swelling and fluid retention) activity in a number of tissues, and that its anti-inflammatory effects are superior to other proteolytic enzymes.

Besides reducing inflammation, one of Serrapeptase's most profound benefits is reduction of pain, due to its ability to block the release of pain-inducing amines from inflamed tissues. Physicians throughout Asia and Europe have recognized the anti-inflammatory and pain-blocking benefits of this naturally occurring substance and are using it in treatment as an alternative to salicylates, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs.

In Germany and other European countries, Serrapeptase is a common treatment for inflammatory and traumatic swellings, and much of the research that exists on this substance is of European origin. One double-blind study was conducted by German researchers to determine the effect of Serrapeptase on post-operative swelling and pain. This study involved sixty-six patients who were treated surgically for fresh rupture of the lateral collateral ligament of the knee. On the third post-operative day, the group receiving Serrapeptase exhibited a 50 percent reduction of swelling, compared to the controls. The patients receiving Serrapeptase also became more rapidly pain-free than the controls, and by the tenth day, the pain had disappeared completely.

Serrapeptase is thought to work in three ways:

  • It may reduce inflammation by thinning the fluids formed from injury, and facilitating the fluid's drainage. This in turn, also speeds tissue repair.
  • It may help alleviate pain by inhibiting the release of pain-inducing amines called bradykinin.
  • It may enhance cardiovascular health by breaking down the protein by-products of blood coagulation called fibrin. Conveniently, Serrapeptase is able to dissolve the fibrin and other dead or damaged tissue without harming living tissue. This could enable the dissolution of atherosclerotic plaques without causing any harm to the inside of the arteries.

Serrapeptase is being used as a highly effective support to anti-biotics in many countries. It treats inflammatory disorders by not only fighting inflammation, but also by relieving pain and swelling, improving recovery time and stimulating the immune system. Serrapeptase has a "scavenging" effect. It helps remove the heavy metals through which the body releases toxins and hence modulates the immune system, addresses hormonal imbalances and speeds wound and tissue repair time.

Serrapeptase Rx is provided in enteric coated vegetable based microcrystalline cellulose capsules or caplets. Derived from a controlled fermentation of the bacterial strain, Serratia sp. T-1 secretes this enzyme in medium. Successive purification steps, for example micro-filtration, ammonium sulphyhate, fractionation, DEAE-Cellulase column chromatography, gel filtration followed by repeat aseptic filtration and freeze drying yields this product in a highly purified form, enabling it to be used for medicinal purpose. The enteric-coated microcrystalline capsules protect the enzyme from inactivation in the acidic medium of the stomach. Serapeptase is a stronger saseinolytic (fibrinolytic) agent than any other known alkaline or neutral protease such as bromelain or pronase.

Note: Some manufacturers use 'enteric coated' enzyme in a non-enteric coated capsule. This is not as effective as using an enteric coated capsule or caplet as some of the enzyme will be denatured by stomach acid. Enerex's enteric coated capsules and caplets ensure that the entire enzyme is delivered to the small intestine for maximum absorption.

Packaging: Packed in recyclable amber PETE (Bisphenol A free) containers to provide the best protection for the product against oxidation.
Guaranteed Purity: This product contains no animal substance, artificial preservatives, colours or flavours, added starch, sugar, lactose, milk, salt, yeast, wheat or gluten.
Enteric Coating: Vegetable cellulose complex.
Serrapeptase Rx is a reg. trademark of Enerex Botanicals Ltd.

Serrapeptase™
Insect-Derived Enzyme Fights Inflammation

Our bodies have a love-hate relationship with inflammation. On the one hand, inflammation is a natural response, necessary to protect the body from invading organisms. On the other hand, inflammation can limit joint function, and destroy bone, cartilage and other articular structures.

An elusive goal of scientists and physicians has been to find a side-effect-free substance to reduce the pain and inflammation associated with fibrocystic breast disease, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic edema, carpal tunnel syndrome and post-operative swelling. It appears that the search may be nearing an end, thanks to an enzyme Serrapeptase™ produced by the larval form of the silk moth.

Serrapeptase™ is an enzyme that is produced in the intestines of silk worms to break down cocoon walls. This enzyme is proving to be a superior alternative to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) traditionally used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Its uses have also been extended to the treatment of chronic sinusitis and postoperative inflammation, and some researchers believe the substance can play an important role in arterial plaque prevention and removal.

Harmful Effects of NSAIDs

NSAIDs, which include aspirin, ibuprofen, salicylates, and naproxen, are among the most commonly prescribed medications for inflammation resulting from rheumatoid arthritis, joint conditions, osteoarthritis, gouty arthritis, joint and muscle discomfort associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, and other musculoskeletal disorders.(1) In some cases, this overeliance on NSAIDs has proved deadly. Annually, 76,000 people are hospitalized from NSAID-induced gastrointestinal complications. The American Medical Association estimates that from 50-80 percent of those hospitalized for gastrointestinal bleeding are taking some form of NSAIDs. At this stage in the medication-induced bleeding, there is a ten percent chance of fatality.(2)

NSAIDs lethal effects result from the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. NSAIDs block cyclo-oxygenase, the enzyme responsible for catalyzing the reactions of arachidonic acid to endoperoxide compounds. This process results in the inhibition of gastric prostaglandin E, a hormone which protects the lining of the stomach from acid. After prolonged and frequent ingestion of NSAIDs, the stomach remains defenseless and at increased susceptibility to ulcers.(3-4) If an ulcer erodes into a blood vessel, bleeding results. An ulcer can destroy part of the stomach and duodenal walls, leaving a gap that requires immediate surgery.

In one study, 1,826 osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis patients who had been taking NSAIDs for six months or more and who had been unable to tolerate continuous NSAID use because of adverse gastrointestinal symptoms were examined endoscopically for gastroduodenal lesions and ulcers. Clinically significant gastroduodenal lesions were found in 37.1 percent of the patients. Of those, 24 percent had ulcers. The prevalence of gastroduodenal ulcers increased with age, duration of osteoarthritis, and duration of current NSAID use. The authors of the study wrote: "These results provide further endoscopic confirmation of the association between NSAID use and gastroduodenal lesions and ulcers and support the contention that safer treatment alternatives to conventional NSAIDs are required."(5)

That advice is particularly wise in light of the other effects NSAIDs have on the gastrointestinal tract. In one group of 312 NSAID takers, 20 percent had levels of inflammation comparable to that previously reported in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.(6) Besides damaging the gastrointestinal tract, NSAIDs also interfere with and suppress bone repair and remodeling. One paper presented data obtained over a 12-year period, and outlined the effects of NSAIDs on the matrix synthesis and turnover in 650 arthritic and 180 non-arthritic human cartilages. The study showed that one category of NSAIDs that includes Naproxen, ibuprofen, indomethacin, and nimezulide significantly inhibited matrix synthesis and had toxic effects on cartilage metabolism.(7) Thus, it appears that the drugs many patients take to relieve their arthritic pains actually contributes to further destruction of their joints!

Additionally, NSAIDs have been shown to interfere with patients' sleep patterns. One study of 37 male and female subjects at the sleep laboratory at Bowling Green State University in Ohio demonstrated that aspirin and ibuprofen, in comparison to a placebo, increased the number of awakenings and the percentage of time spent awake. The drugs also decreased sleep efficiency, and delayed the onset of the deeper stages of sleep.(8)

Even insulin secretion is affected by NSAIDs. Neonatal rat pancreatic cells were examined partly to determine the effects of insulin secretion caused by prostaglandin E (PGE) and drugs that inhibit its synthesis—i.e. NSAIDs. Two NSAIDs, sodium salicylate (aspirin) and ibuprofen, at drug concentrations similar to those achieved therapeutically in humans, inhibited PGE synthesis up to 70-80 percent. Augmented insulin secretion accompanied the PGE inhibition. Both drugs shifted the glucose-insulin response curves to the left at low glucose concentrations and augmented maximal insulin release at high glucose concentrations.(9)

Other NSAID-induced side effects include kidney damage, blood dyscrasias and cardiovascular effects, complication of antihypertensive therapies involving diuretics or beta-adrenoceptor blockade, and adverse effects in patients with heart failure and cirrhosis.(10) In one instance, a woman treated for rheumatoid arthritis with the NSAID sulindac developed gallstones composed of sulindac metabolites.(11)

Interestingly, NSAIDs have also induced adverse psychiatric reactions. Five psychiatric outpatients—two with major depressive disorders, one with a bipolar disorder, one with a schizophrenic disorder and one with an anxiety disorder—were treated with NSAIDs due to rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or other painful neuromuscular conditions. All five patients developed moderate to severe depression. Three patients became paranoid, and four either attempted or considered suicide. These psychiatric symptoms disappeared once the patients stopped taking NSAIDs. When the patients re-started the drugs, the symptoms returned.(12)

NSAIDs Roulette

Due to the detrimental effects of NSAIDs on the body, most physicians resort to a game of "NSAID musical-chairs", taking a patient off one NSAID as soon as side effects become evident or the drug stops working, then treating the patient with another of the 10 most widely prescribed propionic acid-derived NSAIDs.

To provide a more consistent form of treatment, researchers have long searched for a side-effect free anti-inflammatory agent. Researchers have recently focused on selective cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) inhibitors, more precise versions of NSAIDs. Whereas previous NSAIDs reduced inflammation by inhibiting all cyclo-oxygenase activity, these new selective COX-2 inhibitors differentiate between the two forms of COX: COX-1 appears to regulate many normal physiologic functions and COX-2 mediates the inflammatory response. These selective inhibitors are believed to reduce inflammation without influencing normal physiologic functions by inhibiting only COX-2. By leaving COX-1 alone, the selective inhibitors result in fewer gastrointestinal side effects.

At first glance, these COX-2 inhibitors look like the solution to NSAID complications. Upon further inspection, however, celecoxib, a highly selective COX-2 inhibitor, can cause headaches, change in bowel habits, abdominal discomfort and dizziness in osteoarthritis patients. Fewer adverse effects are reported in rheumatoid arthritis patients, but because the drug is metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P-450 isozyme CYP2C9, serious drug interactions are possible. Fung and colleagues pointed out that more clinical studies are needed before the selective COX-2 inhibitors are put into widespread use.(13)

Another new drug, Enbrel, initially showed promise of treating the pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Currently, however, the FDA is advising physicians about safety concerns of the new drug. Thirty of the 25,000 patients treated with Enbrel since the drug's approval have developed serious infections, including sepsis. Several of those patients died as a result of the infections. Those at greatest risk when taking Enbrel appear to be patients with a history of chronic or recurrent infections, pre-existing infections, diabetes, or other conditions making them more susceptible to infection.(14)

The potentially lethal side effects associated with NSAIDs and other drugs indicate that a superior anti-inflammatory substance is needed.

A Natural Anti-Inflammatory

Serrapeptase™, also known as Serratia peptidase, is a proteolytic enzyme isolated from the non-pathogenic enterobacteria Serratia E15. When consumed in unprotected tablets or capsules, the enzyme is destroyed by acid in the stomach. However, enterically-coated tablets enable the enzyme to pass through the stomach unchanged, and be absorbed in the intestine. Serrapeptase™ is found in negligible amounts in the urine, suggesting that it is transported directly from the intestine into the bloodstream.(15,16)

Clinical studies show that Serrapeptase™ induces fibrinolytic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edemic (prevents swelling and fluid retention) activity in a number of tissues, and that its anti-inflammatory effects are superior to other proteolytic enzymes.(17)

Besides reducing inflammation, one of Serrapeptase™'s most profound benefits is reduction of pain, due to its ability to block the release of pain-inducing amines from inflamed tissues.(18) Physicians throughout Europe and Asia have recognized the anti-inflammatory and pain-blocking benefits of this naturally occurring substance and are using it in treatment as an alternative to salicylates, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs.(19)

In Germany and other European countries, Serrapeptase™ is a common treatment for inflammatory and traumatic swellings, and much of the research that exists on this substance is of European origin. One double-blind study was conducted by German researchers to determine the effect of Serrapeptase™ on post-operative swelling and pain. This study involved sixty-six patients who were treated surgically for fresh rupture of the lateral collateral ligament of the knee. On the third post-operative day, the group receiving Serrapeptase™ exhibited a 50 percent reduction of swelling, compared to the controls. The patients receiving Serrapeptase™ also became more rapidly pain-free than the controls, and by the tenth day, the pain had disappeared completely.(20)

Cystic Breast Disease

Serrapeptase™ has also been used in the successful treatment of fibrocystic breast disease. In a double-blind study, 70 patients complaining of breast engorgement randomly were divided into a treatment group and a placebo group. Serrapeptase™ was superior to the placebo for improvement of breast pain, breast swelling and induration (firmness). 85.7 percent of the patients receiving Serrapeptase™ reported moderate to marked improvement. No adverse reactions to Serrapeptase™ were reported and the researchers concluded that “Serrapeptase™ is a safe and effective method for the treatment of breast engorgement.” (21, 22)

Serrapeptase™ and Sinusitis

Due to its inflammatory properties, Serrapeptase™ has been shown in clinical studies to benefit chronic sinusitis sufferers. In this condition, the mucus in patients’ nasal cavities is thickened and hypersecreted. This thickening causes mucus to be expelled less frequently. Japanese researchers evaluated the effects of serratiopeptidase (30 mg/day orally for four weeks) on the elasticity and viscosity of the nasal mucus in adult patients with chronic sinusitis. Serratiopeptidase reduced the viscosity of the mucus, improving the elimination of bronchopulmonary secretions.(23)

Other clinical trials support Serrapeptase™'s ability to relieve the problems associated with chronic sinusitis. In one study, 140 patients with acute or chronic ear, nose and throat pathologies were evaluated with either a placebo or the active serratia peptidase. Patients taking the Serrapeptase™ experienced a significant reduction in severity of pain, amount of secretion, purulence of secretions, difficulty in swallowing, nasal dysphonia, nasal obstruction, anosmia, and body temperature after three to four days and at the end of treatment. Patients suffering from laryngitis, catarrhal rhinopharyngitis and sinusitis who were treated with Serrapeptase™ experienced a significant and rapid improvement of symptoms after 3-4 days. Physicians assessed efficacy of treatment as excellent or good for 97.3 percent of patients treated with Serrapeptase™ compared with only 21.9 percent of those treated with a placebo.(24)

Respiratory diseases are characterized by increased production of a more dense mucus modified in viscosity and elasticity. Traditionally, in respiratory diseases, muco-active drugs are prescribed to reestablish the physicochemical characteristics of the mucus in order to restore respiratory function. Some of these drugs, however, cause a functional depletion of mucus, whereas Serrapeptase™ alters the elasticity of mucus without depleting it.(25, 27)

A powerful agent by itself, Serrapeptase™ teamed with antibiotics delivers increased concentrations of the antimicrobial agent to the site of the infection. Bacteria often endure a process called biofilm formation, which results in resistance to antimicrobial agents. In an attempt to prevent this bacterial immunity, researchers have experimented with various means of inhibiting biofilm-embedded bacteria. Their search may have ended with Serrapeptase™. One study conducted by Italian researchers suggests that proteolytic enzymes could significantly enhance the activities of antibiotics against biofilms. Antibiotic susceptibility tests showed that serratiopeptidase greatly enhances the activity of the antibiotic, ofloxacin, and that it can inhibit biofilm formation.(28)

Another double-blind randomized study evaluated the effects of administering the antibiotic cephalexin in conjunction with Serrapeptase™ or a placebo to 93 patients suffering from either perennial rhinitis, chronic rhinitis with sinusitis or chronic relapsing bronchitis. The serratia peptidase treated group experienced significant improvement in rhinorrhea, nasal stuffiness, coryza and improvement of the para-nasal sinus shadows.(29)

Researchers witnessed equally impressive results in the treatment of infections in lung cancer patients undergoing thoracotomy. Serrapeptase™ and cefotiam, an antibiotic with a broad spectrum of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms, were administered to 35 thoracotomy patients with lung cancer. The patients were divided into two groups. A single dose of cefotiam was administered to the 17 subjects in Group I. The 18 subjects in Group II received a combination of Cefotiam and Serrapeptase™. The level of the antibiotic in the tissues versus the blood was significantly higher in the Serrapeptase™ group than the single dose group.(30)

Cardiovascular Implications

Hans A. Nieper, M.D., an internist from Hannover, Germany, studied the effects of Serrapeptase™ on plaque accumulations in the arteries. The formation of plaque involves deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium and fibrin (a clotting material in the blood) on the inner lining of the arteries. Excessive plaque results in partial or complete blockage of the blood's flow through an artery, resulting in arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, and an ensuing stroke or heart attack. The evidence to support Serrapeptase™'s role in preventing plaque build-up is anecdotal. Still, further studies are called for in this area as Nieper's research indicated that the protein-dissolving action of Serrapeptase™ will gradually break down atherosclerotic plaques.(31)

Conclusion

Regardless of whether Serrapeptase™ is used for inflammatory diseases or to prevent plaque build up on the arteries, it is well-tolerated. Due to its lack of side effects and anti-inflammatory capabilities, Serrapeptase™ is a logical choice to replace harmful NSAIDs. Thanks to the tiny larvae of the silk moth, researchers have taken a large step toward finding relief for inflammatory disease sufferers.

References

  1. Raskin JB. Gastrointestinal effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory therapy. Am J Med. 1999; 106 (5B):3S-12S.
  2. No author listed. Regular Use of Pain Relievers Can Have Dangerous Results. Kaleidoscope Interactive News, American Medical Association media briefing. July 24, 1997.
  3. Fung HB, Kirschenbaum, HL. Selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors for the treatment of arthritis. Clin Ther. 1999; 21(7):1131-57.
  4. Geis GS. Update on clinical developments with celecoxib, a new specific COX-2 inhibitor: what can we expect? Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1999; 109:31-7.
  5. Cheatum DE, Arvanitakis C, Gumpel M, Stead H, Geis GS. An endoscopic study of gastroduodenal lesions induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Clin Ther. 1999; 21(6):992-1003.
  6. Tibble JA, Sigthorsson G, Foster R, Scott D, Fagerhol MK, Roseth A, Bjarnason I. High prevalence of NSAID enteropathy as shown by a simple faecal test. Gut. 1999; 45(3):362-6.
  7. Dingle JT. The effects of NSAID on the matrix of human articular cartilages. Z Rheumatol. 1999; 58(3):125-9.
  8. Murphy PJ, Badia P, Myers BL, Boecker MR, Wright KP Jr. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs affect normal sleep patterns in humans. Physiol Behav. 1994; 55(6):1063-6.
  9. Metz SA, Robertson RP, Fujimoto WY. Inhibition of prostaglandin E synthesis augments glucose-induced insulin secretion in cultured pancreas. Diabetes. 1981; 30(7):551-7.
  10. Raskin JB. Gastrointestinal effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory therapy. Am J Med. 1999; 106 (5B):3S-12S.
  11. Tokumine F, Sunagawa T, Shiohira Y, Nakamoto T, Miyazato F, Muto Y. Drug-associated cholelithiasis: a case of sulindac stone formation and the incorporation of sulindac metabolites into the gallstones. Am J Gastroenterol. 1999;94(8):2285-8.
  12. Jiang HK, Chang DM. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with adverse psychiatric reactions: five case reports. Clin Rheumatol. 1999;18(4):339-45.
  13. Fung HB, Kirschenbaum, HL. Selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors for the treatment of arthritis. Clin Ther. 1999; 21(7):1131-57.
  14. FDA MedWatch: The FDA Medical Products Reporting Program. May 12, 1999. FDA Talk Paper.
  15. Moriya N, Nakata M, Nakamura M, Takaoka M, Iwasa S, Kato K, Kakinuma A. Intestinal absorption of Serrapeptase™ (TSP) in rats. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1994; 20(Pt1):101-8.
  16. Miyata, K. Intestinal absorption of Serratia Peptidase. J Appl Biochem. 1980;2:111-16.
  17. 17. Mazzone A, Catalani M, Costanzo M, Drusian A, Mandoli A, Russo S, Guarini E, Vesperini G. Evaluation of Serratia peptidase in acute or chronic inflammation of otorhinolaryngology pathology: a multicentre, double-blind, randomized trial versus placebo. J Int Med Res. 1990; 18(5):379-88.
  18. Mazzone A, et al. Evaluation of Serratia peptidase in acute or chronic inflammation of otorhinolaryngology pathology: a multicentre, double-blind, randomized trial versus placebo. J Int Med Res. 1990; 18(5):379-88.
  19. Aso T et al. Breast engorgement and its treatment: Clinical effects of Danzen an anti-inflammatory enzyme preparation. The world of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Japanese). 1981; 33:371-9.
  20. Esch PM, Gerngross H, Fabian A. Reduction of postoperative swelling. Objective measurement of swelling of the upper ankle joint in treatment with Serrapeptase™-a prospective study (German). Fortschr Med. 1989;107(4):67-8, 71-2.
  21. Kee WH, Tan SL, Lee V, Salmon YM. The treatment of breast engorgement with Serrapeptase™ (Danzen): a randomized double-blind controlled trial. Singapore Med J. 1989;30(1):48-54.
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